The highest Future of saarc of the Association rests with the Heads of State or Government. Council of Ministers Comprising the Foreign Ministers of member states is responsible for the formulation of policies; reviewing progress; deciding on new areas of cooperation; establishing additional mechanisms as deemed necessary; and deciding on other matters of general interest to the Association.
The Council meets twice a year and may also meet in extraordinary session by agreement of member states. Standing Committee Comprising the Foreign Secretaries of member states is entrusted with the overall monitoring and coordination of programmes and the modalities of financing; determining inter-sectoral priorities; mobilising regional and external resources; and identifying new areas of cooperation based on appropriate studies.
It may meet as often as deemed necessary but in practice it meets twice a year and submits its reports to the Council of Ministers. Programming Committee Comprising the senior officials meets prior to the Standing Committee sessions to scrutinize Secretariat Budget, finalise the Calendar of Activities and take up any Future of saarc matter assigned to it by the Standing Committee.
Technical Committees Comprising representatives of member states, formulate programmes and prepare projects in their respective fields.
They are responsible for monitoring the implementation of such activities and report to the Standing Committee. The chairmanship of each Technical Committee normally rotates among member countries in alphabetical order, every two years.
Action Committees According to the SAARC Charter, there is a provision for Action Committees comprising member states concerned with implementation of projects involving more than two, but not all member states.
At present, there are no such Action Committees. A number of SAARC Ministerial Meetings have been held, to focus attention on specific areas of common concern and has become an integral part of the consultative structure.
In addition, a high level Committee on Economic Cooperation CEC has been established infor identifying and implementing programmes in the core area of economic and trade cooperation. The Secretary-General is appointed by the Council of Ministers upon nomination by a member state, on the principle of rotation in alphabetical order, for a period of two years.
Directors are appointed by the Secretary-General, upon nomination by member states for a period of three years which, in special circumstances, may be extended by the Secretary-General for a period not exceeding another full term, in consultation with the member state concerned. The financial provision thus made is announced annually, at the meeting of the Standing Committee.
The annual budget of the Secretariat, both for capital as well as recurrent expenditure, is shared by member states on the basis of an agreed formula. The initial cost of the main building of the Secretariat, together with all facilities and equipment, as well as that of the annex building completed in has been met by the host government.
A minimum of forty percent of the institutional cost of regional institutions is borne by the respective host government and the balance is shared by all member states, according to an agreed formula. Capital expenditure of regional institutions which includes physical infrastructure, furnishing, machines, equipment etc.
Programme expenditure of regional institutions is also shared by member states, according to the agreed formula.
In the case of activities under the approved Calendar, the local expenses including hospitality, within agreed limits, are borne by the host Government, while the cost of air travel is met by the sending Government.
Technical Committees numbering eleven at present have been designated to coordinate work in the identified areas of cooperation. In response to the emphasis given by successive Summits on the need to further consolidate and streamline IPA and to make it more result oriented, a comprehensive set of guidelines and procedures was adopted in for the rationalisation of SAARC activities.
As a result of this, there is now a greater focus on activities that would bring tangible benefits to the people of South Asia.
In this context, the Independent Expert Group set up by the Secretary-General has recently undertaken an extensive review of the functioning of IPA and come up with important recommendations presently under consideration of the Member States. Agr iculture Agriculture was among the original five areas identified for fostering regional cooperation.
The first meeting of Technical Committee was held in Under the work of this Technical Committee, Member states have been exchanging Germplasm, Breeding Materials on Livestock and Fishery in accordance with the quarantine regulations in force in their respective countries.
Prototypes of Farmtools and Equipment have been exchanged for trial and adaptation.
The responsibility of compiling lists of institutions and disciplines capable of offering training in member countries has been entrusted to SAIC. Rice and Wheat-breeding Programmes for enhancing productivity have been conducted while Multilocation trials for various crops are being undertaken.
Regular meetings of Counterpart Scientists is an important feature of the Committee's programmes. The list of Counterpart Scientists in the twelve agreed areas of crops and disciplines have been finalised for networking. Progress has been made towards establishing a network on Amelioration of Problem Soils.
The programme for the s focuses on Genetic Engineering and Bio-Technology for crop and livestock improvement, agricultural and horticultural development, embryo transfer technology for livestock and conservation of endangered germplasm ; Homestead Vegetable Production; Food Availability and Nutritional Balance; Data Base on Technology and Training facilities in agricultural science within the SAARC countries; and meeting of the Expert Group on Crop Diseases.
Following its Sixteenth Meeting, the Committee initiated thematic discussion on one important agricultural topic annually.
In the light of the discussion on the occasion, the Committee recommended that the Member Countries should step up efforts to strengthen regional cooperation as part of a comprehensive strategy to address the main challenges facing the agricultural sector in the SAARC region.
With a view to bringing about an over-all improvement in the postal services in the region, the work programme in Postal sector includes training, seminars, workshops study tours etc. SinceLetter Writing Competitions have been held annually.
Other activities undertaken include issuance of commemorative stamps, postage stamp displays and philatelic exhibitions. Further studies are underway in various fields such as:The 18th SAARC summit meeting in Kathmandu, Nepal, due to take place between November 26 and 27, provides yet another opportunity for us to examine whether SAARC has been of relevance in the past and how it possibly can be of greater relevance in future.
Nov 04, · SAARC still marred by divisions 4 November Author: Akanksha Khullar, New Delhi. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established in to enhance peaceful co-existence among South Asian states. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of nations in South Asia.
Its member states include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Big BFSI Future Tech Show & Awards is a gathering of regional and international leaders, seasoned professionals, innovators, unicorns, and entrepreneurs who talk about future technologies and their implementation in the business.
Key areas of discussion revolve around IoT, Connected devices, AI, VR, Cloud, Cashless transactions, Digital banking. Achievements and Future Prospects of SAARC: Despite the slow progress of regional cooperation in South Asia the actual working of the SAARC since its establishment has raised high hopes of peace in this region bedevilled by conflicts of all kinds.
Nov 15, · SAARC Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from The Economic Times. SAARC Blogs, Comments and Archive News on leslutinsduphoenix.com SAARC Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from The Economic Times.
Two agencies to be appointed for template on FTA negotiations in future: Suresh Prabhu.