Countering insurgency essay contest

Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. An insurgency can be fought via counter-insurgency warfare, and may also be opposed by measures to protect the population, and by political and economic actions of various kinds aimed at undermining the insurgents' claims against the incumbent regime. The nature of insurgencies is an ambiguous concept.

Countering insurgency essay contest

Terrorism insurance An insurgency is a rebellion against authority for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents.

Not all rebellions are insurgencies. There have been many cases of non-violent rebellions, using civil resistanceas in the People Power Revolution in the Philippines in the s that ousted President Marcos and the Egyptian Revolution of For example, during the American Civil Warthe Confederate States of America was not recognized as a sovereign state, but it was recognized as a belligerent power, and thus Confederate warships were given the same rights as United States warships in foreign ports.

However, when it is used by a state or another authority under threat, "insurgency" often also carries an implication that the rebels' cause is illegitimate, whereas those rising up will see the authority itself as being illegitimate.

Criticisms of widely held ideas and actions about insurgency started to occur in works of the s; [7] they are still common in recent studies.

Essay: Counter Insurgency

The Iraq insurgency is one example of a recognized government versus multiple groups of insurgents. Other historic insurgencies, such as the Russian Civil Warhave been multipolar rather than a straightforward model made up of two sides.

During the Angolan Civil War there were two main sides: At the same time, there was another separatist movement for the independence of the Cabinda region headed up by FLEC.

Multipolarity extends the definition of insurgency to situations where there is no recognized authority, as in the Somali Civil Warespecially the period from towhere it broke into quasi-autonomous smaller states, fighting among one another in changing alliances.

Definition The so-called kuruc were armed anti- Habsburg rebels in Royal Hungary between and If there is a rebellion against the authority for example the United Nations and those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerentsthe rebellion is an insurgency.

For example, during the American Civil Warthe Confederate States of America was not recognized as a sovereign state, but it was recognized as a belligerent power and so Confederate warships were given the same rights as US warships in foreign ports. When insurgency is used to describe a movement's unlawfulness by virtue of not being authorized by or in accordance with the law of the land, its use is neutral.

However, when it is used by a state or another authority under threat, "insurgency" often also carries an implication that the rebels' cause is illegitimate, and those rising up will see the authority itself as being illegitimate.

insurgency - definition - What is ? Insurgency Save An insurgency is a rebellion against authority for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents lawful combatants.

The use of the term insurgency recognizes the political motivation of those who participate in an insurgency, but the term brigandry implies no political motivation. If an uprising has little support for example, those who continue to resist towards the end of an armed conflict when most of their allies have surrenderedsuch a resistance may be described as brigandry and those who participate as brigands.

The first is that international law traditionally does not encroach on matters that are solely the internal affairs of a sovereign state, but recent developments such as the responsibility to protectare starting to undermine the traditional approach.

The second is that at the Hague Conference ofthere was disagreement between the Great Powers who considered francs-tireurs to be unlawful combatants subject to execution on capture, and smaller states, which maintained that they should be considered lawful combatants.

Definition

The dispute resulted in a compromise wording being included in the Hague Conventions known as the Martens Clause from the diplomat who drafted the clause.

Members of other militias and members of other volunteer corps, including those of organized resistance movements, belonging to a Party to the conflict and operating in or outside their own territory, even if this territory is occupied, provided that such militias or volunteer corps, including such organized resistance movements It is focused more on the operational aspects of the types of actions taken by the insurgents and the counter-insurgents.

The Department of Defense's DOD definition focuses on the type of violence employed unlawful towards specified ends political, religious or ideological.

Countering insurgency essay contest

This characterization fails to address the argument from moral relativity that "one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter.

Morris [15] The French expert on Indochina and Vietnam, Bernard Fallwho wrote Street Without Joy[16] said that "revolutionary warfare" guerrilla warfare plus political action might be a more accurate term to describe small wars such as insurgencies.

Under the British, the situation in Malaya as often called the "Malayan insurgency" [18] or "the Troubles" in Northern Ireland. North points out, however, that insurgents today need not be part of a highly organized movement: Some are networked with only loose objectives and mission-type orders to enhance their survival.

Most are divided and factionalized by area, composition, or goals.

Countering insurgency essay contest

Strike one against the current definition of insurgency. It is not relevant to the enemies we face today.An insurgency can be fought via counter-insurgency warfare, and may also be opposed by measures to protect the population, and by political and economic actions of various kinds aimed at undermining the insurgents' claims against the incumbent regime.

Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory And Practice There is a new book published which remains quite popular among military officers. It defines the laws of insurgency while also outlining the strategies and tactics needed to combat the threat of insurgency.

Definition : insurgency

Introduction CONTEST is the UK government’s principal counter-terrorism strategy whose purpose is to reduce ‘the risks to the United Kingdom from terrorism, so that people can go about their lives freely and with confidence (Contest, , Heath‐Kelly, ). Aug 31,  · Special Topic Writing Competition: Countering Insurgencies The 1st and 2nd place essays appear in the following pages.

The 3rd and 4th place winners, along can defeat an insurgency. To surrender any single line of operation, be it military, security, political.

- “The hearts and mind (HAM) theory is identified as winning the hearts and minds of the population which is a technique based on the implementation of the counter-insurgency (COIN) strategy of persuading the population to support the government and reject the insurgents.”.

The counter-insurgency (COIN) strategy as outlined by President Obama and General Petraeus’s most closely embrace is the heart and minds (HAM) theory.

President Obama speech identified the United States strategic approach with Afghanistan in three elements.

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