In these series of articles, we will cover a multitude of topics and themes crucial to the development of the United States. Moreover, I will review sample questions and provide the correct answers to them. Don't worry though, I will also provide in depth explanation as to why the selected answer is correct.
Just two years after the colonists settled in Jamestown, the first war began between the Powhatan and the new settlers. Chief Powhattan Inwhen the first English settlement was established at Jamestown, Virginia, relations were mixed between the new settlers and Powhatan tribeupon whose hunting grounds, they had settled.
Though there was no initial violence, the settlers built a fort to protect themselves from any Indian attacks.
In June, their leader, Captain Newport left for England to get more supplies for the new settlement. Those who remained; however, were not prepared. Not long after Newport left, the settlers began to die from a variety of diseases, most of which were probably caused by drinking bad water.
They were also running short of supplies and were hungry. That first winter, while Captain John Smith was out exploring, he was captured and taken to Werowocomoco where the Powhatan lived.
There, he and the Powhatan Chief, Wahunsunacockconversed and came to an understanding. Smith was released in the spring of and the Powhatan then began to send gifts of food to help the English.
Were it not for their help, the settlement would most likely have failed, as all the English would have died from disease or starvation.
However, the new settlers began to get demanding, feeling as if they could trade tools and Christianity for food.
What they failed to understand was that the Powhatan way of life barely provided for themselves, much less, another entire community. By late inafter a drought during the summer, the settlers added pressure on the Indians for more food supplies. As a result, Chief Powhatantired of the constant English demands for food, officially told his people not to help them.
The relationship deteriorated between the two peoples which resulted in the Powhatan Warswhich would continue off and on until More Wars With The Indians The Wyoming Massacre, Pennsylvania The period from toa time of readjustment in the affairs of the New England colonies, was characterized by widespread excitement and deep concern on the part of the colonies everywhere.
The territories, from Maine to the frontier of New York and the towns of Long Island all felt the strain of impending change in their political status.
Adding to the distress of the early colonists of the New World was the ever-present danger of Indian attacks. The stretches of unoccupied land between the colonies were the hunting-grounds of the Narragansett of eastern Connecticut and western Rhode Island, the Pequot of Connecticut, the Wampanoag of Plymouth and its neighborhood, the Pennacook of New Hampshire, and the Abnaki tribes of Maine.
Plague and starvation had so far weakened the coast Indians before the arrival of the first colonists that the new settlements had been but little disturbed.
However, as the first comers pushed into the interior, founding new plantations, felling trees, and clearing the soil, and the trappers and traders invaded the Indian hunting grounds, carrying with them firearms and liquor, the Indian menace became serious.
To meet the Indian peril, all the colonies made provisions for a supply of arms and for the drilling of the citizens in militia companies. But, in equipment, discipline, and morale, the fighting force of New England was very imperfect.
The troops had no uniforms; there was a very inadequate commissariat; and alarms, whether by beacon, drum-beat, or discharge of guns, were slow and unreliable.
Weapons were crude, and the method of handling them was exceedingly awkward and cumbersome. The pike was early abandoned and the matchlock soon gave way to the flintlock — both heavy and unwieldy instruments of war — and carbines and pistols were also used.
Cavalry or mounted infantry, though expensive because of horse and outfit, were introduced whenever possible. InPlymouth had fourteen companies of infantry and cavalry; Massachusetts had six regiments, including the Ancient and Honorable Artillery; and Maine and New Hampshire had one each.
Connecticut had four train-bands in and nine ina troop of dragoneers, and a troop of horse, but no regiments until the next century. For coast defense there were forts, very inadequately supplied with ordnance, of which that on Castle Island in Boston harbor was the most conspicuous, and, for the frontier, there were garrison houses and stockades.
Both French and Dutch were believed to be instrumental in inciting Indian warfare, one along the southwestern border, the other at various points in the north, notably in New Hampshire and Maine.
But, except for occasional Indian forays and for house-burnings and scalpings in the more remote districts, there were only two serious wars in the seventeenth century — that against the Pequot in and the great War of King Philip in The Pequot Warwhich was carried on by Connecticut with a few men from Massachusetts and a number of Mohegan allies, ended in the complete overthrow of the Pequot nation and the extermination of nearly all its fighting force.
It began in Junewith the successful attack by Captain John Mason on the Pequot fort near Groton, and was brought to an end by the Battle of Fairfield Swamp, on July 13th, where the surviving Pequot made their last stand.
Sassacus, the Pequot chieftain, was murdered by the Mohawk, among whom he had sought refuge; and during the year that followed, wandering members of the tribe, whenever found, were slain by their enemies, the Mohegan and Narragansett.HW: Compare and contrast the causes and consequences of Bacon’s Rebellion and King Philip’s War.
To what extent did the conflicts help shape the development of Virginia and New England in the short and long term? words, double spaced. Unit Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this unit, the student should be able to: (1) Describe the political, social and economic transformations in New England and the Chesapeake in the s, (2) Compare the Native Americans, the wealthy and poor in Virginia and English Puritans to modern racial, ethnic, economic and religious groups, (3) Compare and contrast the societies of.
King Philip's war was one of the first Indian Wars in New England and was between Indians and white colonials with the British government's support. • Bacon's Rebellion was a war against Indians by colonials without the British Government's consent.
Compare/contrast the Spanish, English, and French colonization patterns *Bacon’s Rebellion () *King Philip’s War () Examine the causes, course, and consequences of the French and Indian War () *Albany Congress *Treaty of Paris of *impact on colonial-British relations *Proclamation of Revolutionary Period.
Rebellion led to major changes within the society that were economic and social, including a dramatic increase in the use of enslaved Africans for labor.
While the elites and small farmers. Frustrated Freemen and Bacon's Rebellion. In , about 1, Virginians, During the civil war in Virginia, Bacon suddenly died from disease.
Berkeley took advantage of this and crushed the uprising, hanging more than 20 rebels. In contrast with the Chesapeake, the New Englanders tended to migrate in families as opposed to single.